Immanuel Pax: Moderate Visibility

Immersive PANI projection, 2014

A PANI projector (or multiple projectors) is aimed at the viewer and the image slides are projected onto the audience seating and the projection screen behind it. Audience uses custom made plastic goggles to view the slides, creating an immersive viewing experience. The projected image fills the entire field of view and moving one's head makes the viewer to move inside the image. It creates a virtual reality experience made completely with analog elements. The hand painted glass image slides are inspired by the photos taken with the Hubble space telescope but also the beautiful microscopic images from our own planet. The scale of the work shows everything between the Macrocosm and microcosm – a philosophy conceptualized by Pythagoras where a human body is seen as a reflection of the entire cosmos. The viewer is inspired to think his/her own position in this scope.

Dimensions of the work:

Can be scaled from single person per projector (space needed 3 x 3 m for one) up to 1000 viewers per hour with six projector setup (tiered seating for 70 people, space needed 15 x 15 m).

Spaces suitable for exhibiting the work:

Semi-heated space, Heated space

Requirements for the space:

dim (light enough for walking)

Colouring requirements:


Electricity consumption:

Standard mains current (10A/16A), Power current (specification)

Support and other structures:

The work needs support structures, hanging points, or similar

Required technology:

Pani projectors and elevated risers for them, seating (single chairs or tiered seating), rear projection screen and supprort structures for it, personel to assist with the goggles


no sound

Minimum height of the space: 

2,5 m

Minimum square meters of the space: 


Building time and people required (estimate): 

3-8 hours depending on the size. Two skilled technicians.

Artist's presence: 

Artist or their representative must be present during building

On-site building: 

Built on-site


BLAF Best of Light Art in Finland
is hosted by
Finnish Light Art Society FLASH

Producer: Annukka Ketola
+358 40 735 3972

Mia Kivinen /
Anna Björklund /

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